Long-influential Turkish history, culture and society span thousands of years, involving countless outside influences and fusions of peoples and ideas. This ever-present cosmopolitan character—from Chinese influenced ceramics, Persian styled art, Arabian and Latin script, multi-continental geography, East-West cuisine—has given a vivacity to Turkey.
And with that attitude in mind, the modern Turkey shies not from embracing the ideas and cultures of today, which in the past have enriched it so well. From modern art, breathtaking cinematography, sweeping reforms, beneficial social institutions and burgeoning economies, Turkey still maintains the balance of a country rich in its own national culture, open to the heritage of world civilization and at home in the endowments of the modern technological age.
The lands of Turkey are located at a point where Asia, Africa and Europe are closest to each other, and straddle the point where Europe and Asia meet. Geographically, the country is located in the northern half of the hemisphere at a point that is about halfway between the equator and the north pole, at a longitude of 36 degrees N to 42 degrees N and a latitude of 26 degrees E to 45 degrees E. Turkey, as a country roughly rectangular in shape, has a width of approximately 550 kilometers and a length of approxiamately 1500 kilometers.
Because of its geographical location, the mainland of Anatolia has always found favor throughout history and It has been prominent as a centre of commerce because of its land connections to three continents and the sea surrounding it on three sides. It is the birthplace of many great civilizations including Hitites, Trojans, Lydians, Frigians and it attracted other great civilizations such as Greeks, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantians and finally Turks, for over 10,000 years.
The Ottoman Empire had a state identity which provided the most tolerant administration of its age throughout the Middle Ages and the New Age. In fact, throughout the six hundred years of its administration it was able to hold together people of different religions, languages and races and undertook an important role in the protection of cultures and languages of these nations by providing freedom of religion and conscience. Furthermore, it contributed significantly to the history of civilization with both scientific and cultural masterpieces due to its cultural, scientific, artistic and state administrative experience and acquisitions of the previous Turkish states.
Today the heritages and mythologies of these antique civilazations are widely spread all over the country, with Istanbul, Ephesus, Troya, Gallipoli, Cappadocia, 7 Churches of Revelation, Mount Ararat and Antalya being the most popular destinations to see and touch them, among the tourists from all around the world.
Surrounded by beachy Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara and Black Sea shores, Turkey is also a paradise for a relaxing summer holiday. It has an abundance of plant and wildlife species that can be enjoyed while camping or trekking in the many national parks which are dotted around the country.
Whether you enjoy strolling through antique cities or going diving, the different regions of Turkey offer endless possibilities all year round. Each area has its own personality, history, landscape and even cuisine, and with so much on offer to visitors it is not surprising that one trip to Turkey is never enough..
Source: turkishconsulategeneral.us, turkeytouristguide.com